Lesson 1. Now You Can Speak Chinese! 5 Basic Chinese Grammars Every Beginner Must Know!
You have to understand the basic Chinese grammars to become fluent in Chinese. If you are a beginner Chinese learner, I would recommend starting with something short and simple, like this!
1. Basic Sentence Structure
Just like English, the basic form of Chinese sentence structure is Subject + Verb + Object.
2. No Verb ‘To Be’. All You Need is「是」!
Unlike English, there is no verb ‘to be’ rules in Chinese. All personal pronouns, from ‘I’ to ‘it’, use 是 (shì) as the linking verb (Yes, 是 does not change form at all). Apart from being regarded as the verb ‘to be’ in Chinese, you will often find the word 是 in other contexts!
|Tā men/tā men/tā men|
Did you notice that there is no 您們 in Chinese？😉
3.「不」for the Opposite!
不 (bù), which means ‘no’ or ‘not’, is used to negate a verb. A kind reminder: 不 does not apply for all cases, there is another negative particle, 沒 (méi). 不 is placed before the verb, adjective, or preposition in a sentence.
|I||am not||a student.|
4. 「也」for Also/As Well/Too
Also/as well/too is expressed in Chinese as 也 (yě). As an adverb. 也 is written after the subject and before the verb. If there is a negative determiner, 也 is placed before the negative determiner.
|I||am also||a student.|
|Subject||Also/As Well/Too||Negative Determiner||Verb||Object|
|I||am not a student as well.|
5. Asking Questions Using「嗎」
Finally, you can use the question word 嗎 (ma) to ask almost any yes-no questions! You can convert your statement into a question, simply by placing it at the end of the sentence.
|Are you a student?|
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