Lesson 10. Expressing Existence ‘Imasu’ and ‘Arimasu’ in Japanese
There are two verbs to express existence in Japanese:
|to be located||living things (can move by himself/itself)||people, animal|
|あります (arimasu)||to be located, to exist, to have||nonliving things (cannot move by itself)||plants, things|
In the sentence, we use the particle が (ga) between noun and existence verb.
If the location is specified, particle に (ni) is placed after the location to indicate ‘in/at’.
Structure: Adverb of Place + に + Noun + が + Existence Verb
Niwa ni inu ga imasu.
There is a dog in the garden.
Heya ni tsukue ga arimasu.
There is a desk in the room.
Possession (to have)
ある/あります (aru/arimasu) is also used to indicate possession of something (to have).
Structure: Noun + が + ある/あります
Okane ga arimasu.
(I) have money.
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