Lesson 1. Now You Can Speak Chinese! 5 Basic Chinese Grammars Every Beginner Must Know!
Start with basic Chinese grammars to become fluent in Chinese!
You have to understand the basic Chinese grammars to become fluent in Chinese. If you are a beginner Chinese learner, I would recommend starting with something short and simple, like this!
1. Basic Sentence Structure
Just like English, the basic form of Chinese sentence structure is Subject + Verb + Object.
2. No Verb ‘To Be’. All You Need is「是」!
Unlike English, there is no verb ‘to be’ rules in Chinese. All personal pronouns, from ‘I’ to ‘it’, use 是 (shì) as the linking verb (Yes, 是 does not change form at all). Apart from being regarded as the verb ‘to be’ in Chinese, you will often find the word 是 in other contexts!
|Tā men/tā men/tā men|
Did you notice that there is no 您們 in Chinese？😉
3.「不」for the Opposite!
不 (bù), which means ‘no’ or ‘not’, is used to negate a verb. A kind reminder: 不 does not apply for all cases, there is another negative particle, 沒 (méi). 不 is placed before the verb, adjective, or preposition in a sentence.
|I||am not||a student.|
4. 「也」for Also/As Well/Too
Also/as well/too is expressed in Chinese as 也 (yě). As an adverb. 也 is written after the subject and before the verb. If there is a negative determiner, 也 is placed before the negative determiner.
|I||am also||a student.|
|Subject||Also/As Well/Too||Negative Determiner||Verb||Object|
|I||am not a student as well.|
5. Asking Questions Using「嗎」
Finally, you can use the question word 嗎 (ma) to ask almost any yes-no questions! You can convert your statement into a question, simply by placing it at the end of the sentence.
|Are you a student?|
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