Chinese Mandarin vs Taiwanese Mandarin – 30 Different Vocabulary List

Chinese Mandarin is getting more and more popular to be learnt worldwide.But do you know the Chinese used in mainland China and in Taiwan are not the same?

One of the biggest difference is the writing style. Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China, while traditional Chinese is used in Taiwan and Hong Kong. However, it’s not only the only difference! Vocabularies are not the same as well.

Here you will find 30 examples of differences in vocabulary.


English Mainland China Taiwan
brown 棕色 咖啡色
koala 树袋熊 無尾熊
jellyfish 海蜇 水母
restaurant 饭馆 餐廳
tomato 西 蕃茄
potato 土豆 馬鈴薯 / 薯仔
carrot 胡萝卜 紅蘿蔔
cabbage 圆白菜 高麗菜
cucumber 青瓜 黃瓜
broccoli 西兰花 花菜
orange 柳丁
melon 蜜瓜 香瓜
pineapple 菠萝 鳯梨
kiwi 猕猴桃 奇異果
sandwich 三文治 三明治
french fries 土豆条 薯條
pizza 薄饼 披薩
yogurt 酸奶 優格
butter 黃油 奶油
plate 盤子
bus 公车 客運
car 私家 轎車
bicycle 单车 腳踏車
subway 地铁 捷運
motorbike 电单车 摩托車
taxi 出租 計程車
tram 电车 輕軌
wallet 钱包 皮夾
camera 相机 照相機
cold (sick) 风寒 感冒


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